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It is a model utilized by many British universities and publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations may be used. Because the paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are found inside the main body associated with text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have now been provided in a footnote to the quotation that is first. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body for the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Remember that even though the writing because of the composer of the paper is along with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced of this rightness of her very own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for life’. 1 this will be Miss Brodie’s adoption of this Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for God, she moulds the kid on her own ends. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie when it comes to head’ (36), there was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel utilizing the Church due to the fact body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and also this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and it is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to go on the side that is modern the high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her very own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group’s jester, or even to opt for them towards the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor attempts to regain control by playing on the religious convictions:

All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least pay for papers a pioneer missionary in some deadly and zone that is dangerous of earth, because of it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that some of her girls should grow up not largely aimed at some vocation. ‘you will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this basic idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she actually is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this will entail: ‘she is over the code that is moral it doesn’t connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The above passage is obtained from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: Laying out a bibliography

The bibliography will usually are the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even from them directly if you have not referred to or quoted. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors’ names. Book titles can be found in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles can be found in inverted commas. When talking about books you really need to are the author’s name, host to publication, the publisher, therefore the date if the written book was published. To reference the foundation of an article from a journal are the name regarding the journal, the quantity and/or volume number, the date of publication while the page numbers. There are lots of styles for laying out a bibliography, however the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks can be found in the libraries for further details.

This will be a model used by many universities that are british publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television additionally the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is basically the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and is utilized by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television therefore the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The fantastic War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist during the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The information that is essential by each model is given in the same order, nevertheless they differ in the way that the details are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, Simple tips to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All references that are further to the edition and given within the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads as well as other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.